Author: Abraham Lincoln

Place and Time: 1861, Washington D.C.

Prior Knowledge
-1861 was after the election
-There was widespread sectionalism and Southern states on the verge of secession.
-Lincoln was a Republican from Illinois who did not win the popular vote in the presidential election.

Audience: The American people

Reason: To unite the country and alleviate the sectional disputes.

Main Idea: That the civil war is inevitable if the North and South do not make peace. Lincoln reaffirms his stance that he is going to protect the Union and that he is not going to allow the South to secede. He believes the South does not the right to secede.